Classification And Effects Of Brain Tumours In Children

Children’s Brain Tumour

Brain Tumour occurs due to the production of group of abnormal cells inside the brain.

Classification And Effects Of Brain Tumours In Children

The causes of tumour in children known as primary tumours is not known. These primary tumours in children can be classified as:

  • Non cancerous tumours (benign-not harmful in effect)
  • Invasive tumours (tumours that spread out in nearby areas)
  • Cancerous tumours ( tumours that are deadly in nature)

This classification of tumours in children is done by keeping the following points in mind :

  • The exact site where tumour is located
  • The types of tissues which are involved in production of tumour
  • The fact that whether the tumour is cancerous or not

These brain tumours may directly affect and destroy the brain cells or they can also indirectly affect the brain cells negatively by pushing other important parts of the brain. This all results in increasing pressure and swelling in the brain.

Brain Tumours can occur in children at any age. There are many tumours which are common for particular ages. Generally, tumours in children are rarely found.

Common Types Of Childhood Brain Tumours

  • Astrocytomas

These types of tumours are usually non cancerous in nature. Children aging between 5 to 8 are generally affected by this type of tumour. This type of tumour is most commonly found in children and is also known as low-grade gliomas.

  • Medulloblastomas

Medulloblastomas is also one of the most common type of Childhood Brain Tumour. This type of tumours mostly occur at an age below 10.

  • Ependymomas

Ependymomas are the type of brain tumours which are classified as both non cancerous tumours or cancerous tumours. The therapy for this type of tumour is provided in accordance with type and location of the tumour.

  • Brainstem Gliomas

A very rare type of tumour is the brainstem gliomas which is occured in children only. The development of this tumour begins at an age of 6. This type of tumour grows very large before causing symptoms.

Symptoms Of Childhood Brain Tumours

The symptoms of Childhood Brain Tumour may be difficult to analyze and they become worse gradually or very quickly.

The most common symptom is headache but in case of children, rarely any children with headache is found to have a tumour. Headache patterns that probably occur with brain tumours are :

  • Headaches that are worse after waking up in the morning and vanishes after a few hours.
  • Headaches generated due to coughing or exercise, or just with changing the position of body.
  • Headaches occurring while sleeping with a combination of another symptom like vomiting or confusion.

Sometimes, brain tumour may occur only with some mental changes including:

  • Change in the behavior or personality of the person
  • Not able to concentrate on anything
  • The patient will tend to sleep more
  • It may result in memory loss
  • May cause difficulties in reasoning

Some other symptoms may include:

  • A slight loss of movement or feeling commonly in an arm or leg
  • Loss in sense of hearing
  • Difficulty in speech
  • Vision problems that might not be expected
  • May result in weakness or numbness

This small description in this article describes all the basic classifications, types and symptoms found commonly in childhood brain tumour cases.

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